The Abacos are located in the Northern region of the Bahamas and is comprised of the main islands of Great Abaco and Little Abaco, together with the smaller Wood Cay, Elbow Cay, Lubbers Quarters Cay, Green Turtle Cay, Great Guana Cay, Castaway Cay, Man-o-War Cay, Stranger’s Cay, Umbrella Cay, Great Stirrup Cay, Walker’s Cay, Little Grand Cay, Moore’s Island, and Sandy Point.
The Abaco Islands were first inhabited by the Lucayan. The first European settlers of the islands were Loyalists fleeing the American Revolution who arrived in 1783, as was also the case at Cat Island. These original Loyalist settlers made a modest living by salvaging wrecks, by building small wooden boats, and by basic farming.
Prior to the 1970s, a group of American businessmen, arms traffickers, supporters of free enterprise, a black agent of the information services, and a Member of Parliament of the British House of Lords planned the independence of Abaco, or that would have a UK dependency status similar to that of Anguilla. Abaco was to be a utopia for businessmen fearing socialism.
They would promise one acre (4,000 m²) to each of the natives on the island. This would have left thousands of acres for realtors and their financial backers. At least one flag was designed, combining the Hope Town Lighthouse with a Union Flag.
The British government had no interest in this scheme, which in any case would have been strongly opposed by the national government in Nassau. Finally, the locals did not support the plan, perhaps because unspoken racial issues are alleged to have mixed into it. In any event, the Abaco Independence Movement was quelled by 1975.
Black Sound Cay National Reserve - Black Sound Cay National Reserve is a mangrove reserve nestled in the northern bank of Black Sound in the southeastern section of Abaco’s historic Green Turtle Cay. This miniature park comprises a thick stand of mangrove vegetation and is an important habitat to waterfowl and other avifauna which winter in the region. Neotropical migrants that […] Tilloo Cay National Reserve - Tilloo Cay National Reserve is a 11 acre area of tropical shoreline on Tilloo Cay off the eastern side of Great Abaco south of Elbow Cay. It is an area of outstanding beauty. The shoreline is exposed to the Atlantic Ocean and is an important nesting site and breeding ground for the Tropic Bird, Yellow-crowned […] Abaco National Park - The Abaco National Park was a significant addition to the National Park system of The Bahamas. When it was established in 1994 it was the first major park to be created in over 20 years! Although the Bahama Parrot had been protected by law for some years the inadequate enforcement of laws and destruction of […] Pelican Cays Land and Sea Park - Pelican Cays Land and Sea Park was established in 1972. This land and sea park consists of four small cays and the water around them totaling 2,100 acres. It includes Channel Rock, Gaulding Cay and the southern portion of Sandy Cay. It lies approximately eight miles north of Cherokee Sound, Abaco. On the seaward side […] Fowl Cays National Park - The new Fowl Cays National Park is a 1,920-acre reserve that is conveniently reached from most central Abaco Cays and settlements. The park has steadily become attractive to scuba divers and is an extremely popular area for local boating and snorkeling. The reefs and three 25′ to 40′ dive spots in untouched water are renowned. […] Walker’s Cay National Park - The northern most island in the Bahamas. Walker’s Cay is fringed by its own barrier reef. The stunning coral formations and surrounding marine environment host schools of pompano and amberjack, large marine predators, such as sharks and barracudas, multitudes of colorful tropical fish, turtles and eagle rays. Renowned for underwater cathedrals teeming with unprecedented concentrations […]